Screening and genetic diagnosis of Hemoglobinopathies in Southern and Northern Europe: Two examples

Main Article Content

Antonio Amato
Piero C Giordano

Keywords

Anemia, Thalassemic syndromes, Prevention

Abstract

Prevention of Hemoglobinopathies has developed around the world based upon the experience done in pioneering endemic countries and is now facing a new phase in non-endemic areas with a recent immigration history. We describe two situations, taking Latium (central Italy) and The Netherlands as two models for endemic and non-endemic countries both confronted with a large multi-ethnic immigrant society. We present prevention results and discuss aspects such as local knowledge and organization. We illustrate the importance of issues like information, carrier diagnostics, screening, counseling and prenatal diagnosis in particular situation of contrasting interest an different ethical opinions. We conclude by underlining the importance of implementing primary prevention at the European level, based upon better information, diagnostics and counseling.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 741 | PDF Downloads 274 HTML Downloads 1042 Amato1 Downloads 0 Figure 2 A: Prospective (grey columns) versus retrospective prevention (black columns) among indigenous couples at risk (left) and immigrant couples (right). Among immigrant couples the prevention it is still largely retrospective, while for Italian coupl Downloads 0 jdoe, Downloads 0 Figure 2 b: Prospective (grey columns) versus retrospective prevention (black columns) among indigenous couples at risk (left) and immigrant couples (right). Among immigrant couples the prevention it is still largely retrospective, while for Italian coupl Downloads 0