1 The Center for Infectious Diseases Research, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
2 Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
3 Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology and Microbiology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
4 Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
5 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. *Authors participated equally in this work
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respiratory infections (ARI) are the leading cause of death worldwide,
especially among children. The majority of these infections in children
are of viral etiology. In this study, we evaluated the incidence of
viral ARI among children in Lebanon.
Materials and Methods
|Table 1. Demographics of the ARI patients.|
|Table 2. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of children with viral acute respiratory infection.|
|Figure 1. Distribution of viruses among 221 patients with medically attended acute respiratory infections.|
|Figure 2. Prevalence of virus co-detection among the study population.|
|Table 3. Cross-tabulation of the virus frequency among ARI patients.|
|Figure 3. Seasonal distribution of viruses. The figure describes the seasonal variation of respiratory viruses in the positive pediatric samples.|
|Figure 4. A. Distribution of positive signals on 10-plex panels of ResPlex II assay. B. Frequencies of virus detected as a single or in combination with other viruses. Numbers in bars represent the absolute numbers of infection per virus. RSV, respiratory syncytial virus; INFA, Influenza type A virus; INFB, Influenza type B virus; hMPV, human metapneumovirus; CVEV, Coxsackie/Echovirus.|