1Fondazione Policlinico A. Gemelli, IRCCS, Infectious Diseases, 00168, Roma, Italy.
2 Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Infectious Diseases Unit, 00168, Roma, Italy.
3 AIFA-Italian Medicine Agency, 00187, Roma, Italy.
4 Comboni Samaritans of Gulu Health Center, 701102, Gulu, Uganda.
5 Università Cattolica S. Cuore, Special Medical Pathology, 00168, Roma, Italy.
6 Medical Teams International, Kitgum, Uganda.
7 Lacor Hospital, Department of HIV, Epidemiology and Documentation, Gulu, Uganda.
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Background and Objectives:
HIV infection among vulnerable women (VW) has been attributed to
unfavourable power relations and limited access to sexual and
reproductive health information and services. This work aims to report
sexually-transmitted infections (STI) prevalence and assess the impact
of HIV awareness, demographic and socio-behavioural factors on HIV
status in a rural area of northern Uganda.
|Figure 1. Pe Atye Kena study design. Serologic tests for HIV, HBV and syphilis will be administered, along with a full questionnaire investigating HIV awareness, sexual self-determination, stigma and risky behaviours every six months for the whole duration of the study (2019-2022). Educational interventions will be performed on a monthly basis. All women who will be incident cases of HIV, HBV and syphilis will be referred to the St Mary Lacor Hospital for treatment.|
|Table 1. Demographic Characteristics and Sexual Behaviour Characteristics of Study Participants|
|Table 2. Unadjusted multinomial logistic regression analysis of factors associated with HIV status (n = 461).|
|Table 3. Unadjusted multinomial logistic regression analysis of factors associated with HIV status (n = 461).|
|Figure 2. Recruitment Flow diagram of the study. 523 women were screened from 15th to 30th April 2019, and 62 were found to be ineligible. Among those, 53 women were already aware to be HIV-infected, 5 were excluded because either questionnaire responses or biological data were not available for data analysis, and 4 women were enrolled twice.|
Ethics Committee and Consent